The introduction of various collaborative tools, made possible by the expansion of computer network systems and communications technology, has led to new methods of musical composition and improvisation. In this article, the author describes a number of recent music and sound art projects involving the use of network systems that enable geographically displaced creators to collaboratively generate shared soundscapes. Various system designs, ideas and concepts associated with this interaction paradigm are presented and classified by the author.
Displaced Soundscapes: A Survey of Network Systems for Music and Sonic Art Creation
Leonardo Music Journal 13: 47-52.