Soundscape Studies

A soundscape is an environment of sound (or sonic environment) with emphasis on the way it is perceived and understood by the individual, or by a society. It thus depends on the relationship between the individual and any such environment. The term may refer to actual environments, or to abstract constructions such as musical compositions and tape montages, particularly when considered as an artificial environment.

The study of the systematic relationships between humans and sonic environments is called soundscape or acoustic ecology, whereas the creation, improvement or modelling of any such environment is a matter of soundscape design. All aspects of soundscape studies have been the concern of the World Soundscape Project.

Since a soundscape is shaped by both the conscious and subliminal perceptions of the listener, soundscape analysis is based on perceptual and cognitive attributes such as foreground, background, contour, rhythm, silence, density, space and volume, from which are derived such analytical concepts as Keynote, Sound Event, Soundmark, Sound Object and Sound Signal.

(Source - Barry Truax - Handbook for Acoustic Ecology CD-ROM Edition. Cambridge Street Publishing, 1999 - CSR-CDR 9901)

Paysage sonore

Environnement de sons (ou environnement sonore) dans lequel l'accent est mis sur ce qui est perçu et compris par un individu ou une communauté. Il dépend donc de la relation entre l'individu et l'environnement. Le terme peut désigner les environnements réels ou les constructions abstraites telles que les œuvres musicales ou les montages sur bandes considérés alors comme des environnements artificiels.

L'étude systématique des relations entre les humains et les environnements sonores se nomme écologie du paysage sonore (soundscape ecology), tandis que la création, l'amélioration ou la modélisation de n'importe quel environnement est une question de design de paysage sonore (soundscape design). (Source - Barry Truax - Handbook for Acoustic Ecology CD-ROM Edition. Cambridge Street Publishing, 1999 - CSR-CDR 9901)

Paesaggio Sonoro

Ambiente di suoni (o ambiente sonoro) nel quale l'accento è messo su ciò che è percepito e compreso da un individuo o da una comunità. Dipende dunque dalla relazione tra l'individuo e l'ambiente. Il termine può riferirsi sia ad ambienti reali che a costruzioni astratte come le opere musicali o il montaggio su nastro considerato come ambiente artificiale. Lo studio sistematico delle relazioni tra gli esseri umani e gli ambienti sonori è detto ecologia del paesaggio sonoro (soundscape ecology), mentre la creazione, miglioramento o modellizzazione di qualsiasi ambiente appartiene all'ambito del design del paessagio sonoro (Soundscape Design). (Fonte - Barry Truax - Handbook for Acoustic Ecology CD-ROM Edition. Cambridge Street Publishing, 1999 - CSR-CDR 9901).

Klanglandschaft (Soundscape)

A soundscape is an environment of sound (or sonic environment) with emphasis on the way it is perceived and understood by the individual, or by a society. It thus depends on the relationship between the individual and any such environment. The term may refer to actual environments, or to abstract constructions such as musical compositions and tape montages, particularly when considered as an artificial environment.

The study of the systematic relationships between humans and sonic environments is called soundscape or acoustic ecology, whereas the creation, improvement or modelling of any such environment is a matter of soundscape design. All aspects of soundscape studies have been the concern of the World Soundscape Project.

Since a soundscape is shaped by both the conscious and subliminal perceptions of the listener, soundscape analysis is based on perceptual and cognitive attributes such as foreground, background, contour, rhythm, silence, density, space and volume, from which are derived such analytical concepts as Keynote, Sound Event, Soundmark, Sound Object and Sound Signal.

(Source - Barry Truax - Handbook for Acoustic Ecology CD-ROM Edition. Cambridge Street Publishing, 1999 - CSR-CDR 9901)

Paisaje Sonoro

Un ambiente sonoro que pone énfasis en el modo en que es percibido y comprendido por el indviduo o por una sociedad. El paisaje sonoro depende entonces de la relación entre el individuo y cualquier entorno que lo rodee. El término puede referirse a ambientes reales o a construcciones abstractas, tales como composiciones musicales y montajes en cinta, especialmente cuando se lo considera como un ambiente artificial.

Mientras que el estudio de las relaciones sistemáticas entre los humanos y los entornos sonoros es llamado Ecología Acústica (Soundscape Ecology), la creación, mejora o modelado de cualquiera de estos ambientes corresponde al campo del Diseño de Paisajes Sonoros (Soundscape Design).

(Fuente: Barry Truax (1999). Handbook for Acoustic Ecology. CD-ROM. Cambridge Street Publishing. CSR-CDR 9901)

References

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