In this article, the author describes the philosophy and art of circuit-bending: shorting out conventional electronic devices to reveal unexpected sound and music. Starting from his first foray into chance electronics during his junior high school years, he details both his method of working and the wealth of instruments that have resulted.
The Folk Music of Chance Electronics: Circuit-Bending the Modern Coconut
Ghazala, Qubais Reed
Leonardo Music Journal 14: 96-104.