Ca. 1988, the Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) was considered the standard system for the digital representation of musical events. In this article, the author concentrates on known dysfunctions of MIDI from a purely musical point of view, paying particular attention to performance capture, the digital representation of musical control, and synthesiser control.
The Dysfunctions of MIDI
Moore, F. Richard
Computer Music Journal 12(1): 19-28.